Yeah, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry this year went to the scientists that have enabled us to see proteins inside an organism…. IN ALL COLORS! hooray!

The Nobel Lauretes are:


  1. Osamo Shimomura: first isolated GFP from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, which drifts with the currents off the west coast of North America. He discovered that this protein glowed bright green under ultraviolet light.
  2. Martin Chalfie: emonstrated the value of GFP as a luminous genetic tag for various biological phenomena. In one of his first experiments, he coloured six individual cells in the transparent roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans with the aid of GFP.
  3. Roger Y Tsien:  contributed to our general understanding of how GFP fluoresces. He also extended the colour palette beyond green allowing researchers to give various proteins and cells different colours. This enables scientists to follow several different biological processes at the same time. 
Read the Press Release